Lac insects thrive on twigs of certain plant species, suck the plant sap, and grow all the while secreting lac resin from their bodies. These plants are called host plants. So far, over four hundred species of plants have been recorded as hosts out of which the commonly used host plants are –

  • Palas (Butea monosperma)
  • Kusum (Schleichera oleosa)
  • Ber (Zizyphus mauritiana)
Palash TreePalash Tree
Palash TreeKusum Tree
Palash TreeBer Tree
 

Two strains of the lac insects are recognized in India, the RANGEENI AND KUSUMI. Each strain completes its life cycle twice a year but the seasons of maturity differ considerably. There are four lac crops in a year that are named after the Hindi months. 

The crops are shown in the table given below:

Strains of Lac

Crop

Weather

Lac Host Plant

Seed Inoculation

(dhV lapkj.k)

Crop Harvesting

Time (In month)

 

Rangeeni

Katki

Rainy Season

Palas

June-July

October-November

4

Baisakhi

Summer

Palas

October - Nov

June-July

8

Summer

Ber

October - Nov

May-June

6

 

Kusumi

Aghani

Winter

Ber

June-July

Januray-February

6

Jethwi

Summer

Kusum

January-February

June-July

6

 

Sl. No Lac Host Plant Lac Crops Crop Season
 1 Palas Rangeeni Summer & Rainy Season
 2 Kusum Kusumi Summer & Rainy Season
 3 Ber Rangeeni Summer
 4 Ber Rangeeni Winter Season

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Balaji Ganesh

Buddha

Dhoka Jewellery Box

Halima Bangles

Jute Tricolor Bag

Sakhi Bala

Sakhi Bangles

Sakhi Chudiset

Shakuntala

Swati PaperNeck lace

Tribal